Legend has it that Ulysses founded Lisbon. The name comes from “Olissipo”, which has its origins in the Phoenician words “Allis Ubbo”, meaning “enchanting port”. Most likely it was founded by the Phoenicians and styled by the Moors, which still show today with the strong Arabic influences. It was, after all, ruled by the Moors for 450 years. In the 13th century Lisbon became the country’s capital. With the beginning of the Portuguese Age of Discoveries, Lisbon developed as an enriched centre for the spice and jewellery trades. The breakthrough for Portuguese expansion came in 1498 when Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to India. This was the beginning of a golden age, characterised by the Manueline architectural style named after King Manuel I, with its typical decorative use of maritime motifs. Over the centuries Lisbon naturally grew and changed. When the city centre was almost completely destroyed by the earthquake of 1755, it was rebuilt by Marquise de Pombal, who thus created the Baixa Pombalina, a commercial area that still retains much of its original lay out.
Lisbon is a historical collection of unusual character and charm, comprising 800 years of cultural influences, which mingle with modern trends and life styles.
For more information visit: http://www.visitlisboa.com/Home_UK.aspx?lang=en-GB
Nightlife in Lisbon
Lisbon is well known for its nightlife. It is home to many discos, bars, Fado houses, and nightclubs, all catering to different tastes and interests. The Bairro Alto district and surrounding area is considered a key nightlife area, which comprises more than 100 bars and restaurants. The Largo de Santos, Docas, Cais do Sodré and Av. 24 de Julho areas are also other nightlife hotspots. Good restaurants and bars can be found almost anywhere in Lisbon.